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The Korean Journal of Cognitve & Biological Psychology - Vol. 33 , No. 1

[ Original Article ]
The Korean Journal of Cognitve & Biological Psychology - Vol. 31, No. 3, pp.211-221
Abbreviation: KCBPA
ISSN: 1226-9654 (Print)
Print publication date 31 Jul 2019
Received 10 Oct 2018 Revised 04 Jul 2019 Accepted 05 Jul 2019

비균형적 한국어-영어 이중언어자의 번역점화효과
이고은1 ; 우연화1 ; 이혜원1,
1이화여자대학교 심리학과

Translation Priming Effects in Unbalanced Korean-English Bilinguals
Ko Eun Lee1 ; Yon-Hwa Woo1 ; Hye-Won Lee1,
1Department of Psychology, Ewha Womans University
Correspondence to : 이혜원, 이화여자대학교 심리학과, (03760) 서울시 서대문구 이화여대길 52 E-mail:

ⓒ The Korean Society for Cognitive and Biological Psychology


본 연구에서는 한국어-영어 이중언어자들을 대상으로 번역점화효과가 언어 방향, L2 숙련도, SOA에 따라 어떻게 나타나는지 살펴보았다. 참가자는 L2 숙련도에 따라 고숙련자와 저숙련자로 나뉘었으며, SOA는 50ms와 150ms로 조작하였다. 그 결과 첫째, 고숙련자와 저숙련자 모두 L1-L2 방향의 번역 점화 효과가 L2-L1 방향의 번역 점화 효과보다 더 크게 나타나는 비대칭성이 관찰되었다. 둘째, 점화 효과의 비대칭성 정도는 저숙련자가 고숙련자보다 더 컸다. 즉, 고숙련자와 저숙련자 모두 L1-L2 점화 효과가 L2-L1 점화 효과보다 더 컸지만, 언어 방향에 따른 점화 효과의 차이는 고숙련자에게서 감소하였다. 셋째, SOA가 50ms에서 150ms로 증가해도 숙련도에 따른 점화 효과의 비대칭성 패턴이 달라지지 않았다. 본 결과는 여러 이중언어 모형의 관점에서 논의되었다.


The present study investigated how a translation priming effect with Korean-English bilinguals would be observed as function of the language directions, L2 proficiency, and SOAs. Participants were divided into two proficient groups based on their L2 proficiency, and the 50ms and 150ms SOAs were used. The main results of this study are as follows. First, regardless of their L2 proficiency, the asymmetry of translation priming effects was observed. That is, the effect was larger in the L1-L2 direction than in the L2-L1 direction in both proficiency groups. Second, the degree of this priming asymmetry was larger in low-proficient bilinguals than in high-proficient bilinguals. Although in both proficiency groups, the priming effect of the L1-L2 direction was greater than that of the L2-L1 direction, the magnitude of the difference was decreased in the high proficiency relative to the low proficiency. Third, independent of the SOAs, the difference of the priming effects according to the language directions was smaller in the high-proficient group than in the low-proficient group. That is, despite the SOA increased from 50 ms to 150ms, the pattern of asymmetry was not changed that the low-proficient group showed more asymmetric translation priming effects compared to the high-proficient group. The results were discussed in terms of several bilingual models.

Keywords: Korean-English bilinguals, translation priming effects, language proficiency
키워드: 한국어-영어 이중언어자, 번역점화효과, 언어숙련도

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