Journal Archive

The Korean Journal of Cognitve & Biological Psychology - Vol. 31 , No. 2

[ Original Article ]
The Korean Journal of Cognitve & Biological Psychology - Vol. 31, No. 2, pp. 181-190
Abbreviation: KCBPA
ISSN: 1226-9654 (Print)
Print publication date 30 Apr 2019
Received 04 Apr 2019 Revised 29 Apr 2019 Accepted 29 Apr 2019
DOI: https://doi.org/10.22172/cogbio.2019.31.2.009

The Influence of an Anxious Mood on Human Directional Choice by Enhancing Focused Attention
Chobok Kim1, ; Yunji Lee1
1Department of Psychology, Kyungpook National University

불안상태가 초점주의 향상에 의한 방향선택 수행에 미치는 영향
김초복1, ; 이윤지1
1경북대학교 심리학과
Correspondence to : 김초복, (41566) 대구광역시 북구 대학로 80 경북대학교 심리학과 E-mail: ckim@knu.ac.kr


ⓒ The Korean Society for Cognitive and Biological Psychology

Abstract

The current study aimed to examine how the anxious mood state affects human directional choice. For this purpose, we employed a version of the spatial Stroop task and tested the effect of the induced anxious mood state on the facilitation and interference effects. In an experiment, neutral and anxious picture-and-sound sets were employed to manipulate different moods between two groups. After the mood induction, participants performed a version of the spatial Stroop task that included congruent, neutral, and incongruent trials. The results showed that an anxious mood enhanced the facilitation effect, but reduced the interference effect. In contrast, the conflict adaptation effect was not influenced by the anxious mood. These findings suggest that an anxious mood can accelerate target processing through enhancing focused attention but not inhibitory control. The practical implications for human directional choice in an evacuation situation are discussed.

초록

본 연구는 불안한 정서상태가 방향선택 수행에 미치는 영향을 확인하고자, 불안상태를 유발한 후 공간 스트룹 과제에서 측정한 스트룹 촉진효과와 간섭효과에 미치는 영향을 확인하고자 하였다. 이를 위해, 한 집단에게는 불안수준이 높은 그림 및 소리 세트를 제시하고, 다른 집단에게는 중성적인 그림 및 소리 세트를 제시하여 기분상태를 조작하였다. 정서유발 절차가 끝난 후, 참가자들은 일치, 중성 및 불일치 시행들이 포함된 공간 스트룹 과제를 수행하였다. 실험 결과, 불안상태는 스트룹 촉진효과를 증가시키지만, 간섭효과는 감소시키는 것을 확인하였다. 반면, 갈등적응효과는 불안상태에 의해 영향을 받지 않았다. 이러한 결과는 불안한 정서상태가 초점주의를 향상시켜 목표자극에 대한 처리를 가속시키지만, 억제적 통제에 대해서는 그러한 효과가 없음을 시사한다. 또한 피난 상황에서 방향선택과 관련하여 본 연구의 함의를 논의하였다.


Keywords: the spatial Stroop task, the facilitation effect, the interference effect, an anxious mood, evacuation behavior
키워드: 공간 스트룹 과제, 촉진효과, 간섭효과, 불안, 피난행동

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