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The Korean Journal of Cognitve & Biological Psychology - Vol. 31 , No. 2

[ Original Article ]
The Korean Journal of Cognitve & Biological Psychology - Vol. 31, No. 2, pp. 167-179
Abbreviation: KCBPA
ISSN: 1226-9654 (Print)
Print publication date 30 Apr 2019
Received 24 Oct 2018 Revised 27 Apr 2019 Accepted 28 Apr 2019

The Relationship between Negative Emotion Perception Bias and Visuo-spatial Representation Ability in Accordance to Aggressiveness Level
Sangyub Kim1 ; Jaebum Jung2 ; Yeonji Baik2 ; Kichun Nam1,
1Department of Psychology, Korea University
2Wisdom Science Center, Korea University

공격성 수준에 따라 나타나는 부정적 정서지각 편향성과 시공간적 표상 능력 연구
김상엽1 ; 정재범2 ; 백연지2 ; 남기춘1,
1고려대학교 심리학과
2고려대학교 지혜과학연구센터
Correspondence to : Ki Chun Nam, Korea University, (02841), Anam-ro, Seongbuk-gu, Seoul, Korea, Email:

ⓒ The Korean Society for Cognitive and Biological Psychology
Funding Information ▼


The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between the self-reported aggressiveness level measured by the Korean version of Aggression Questionnaire (K-AQ), and the computerized cognitive tasks (emotion perception task and mental rotation task). Participants were divided into three groups according to their self-reported aggressiveness levels (low-range, middle-range, and high-range), and their performances in the two computerized cognitive tasks were examined. Results demonstrated that in emotion perception task, the low-range K-AQ score group showed a lower bias score toward negative emotion perception compared to middle-range and high-range groups. This suggests that there was an increase in the tendency of participants to show a negative emotional bias to a certain extent with increased level of self-reported aggressiveness, and the level of negative emotional bias seems to be maintained once the aggressiveness level reaches the higher-end of the spectrum. However, there was no significant group difference for the bias score toward positive emotion perception. In mental rotation task, there was a significant group difference in response times, where participants in the middle-range aggression group showed slower response times compared to both low-range and high-range groups. But, there was no group differences in their accuracy rates. This suggests that visuo-spatial representation ability may not be static in nature but it seems to decline to a certain extent in accordance to the aggressiveness level. This exploratory study has examined the negative emotion perception bias and visuo-spatial representation ability in relation to the level of aggression by dividing the aggressiveness level into three levels. The implications of investigating human emotion on a continuous spectrum is discussed.


본 연구의 목적은 공격성 수준을 측정한 한국형 자기보고식 설문 검사(K-AQ)와 전산화된 인지 과제(정시지각과제와 심상회전과제)와의 관련성을 탐구하는 것이다. 실험 참가자들은 K-AQ 점수에 따라 세 집단으로 나뉘어졌으며(낮은 집단, 보통인 집단, 그리고 높은 집단), 각 집단의 두 인지 과제 수행 결과를 비교하였다. 정서지각과제 수행 결과, K-AQ 점수가 낮은 집단이 다른 두 집단에 비해 부정적 정서 지각 편향성이 유의미하게 낮게 나타났다. 이는 공격성 수준이 일정 수준까지 증가할 때는 부정적 정서지각 편향성이 증가하지만, 공격성 수준이 그 이상으로 계속해서 증가할 경우에는 부정적 정서지각 편향성이 더 이상 증가하지 않고 일정하게 유지되었음을 의미했다. 반면에, 집단 간에 긍정적 정서지각 편향성에는 차이가 없었다. 또한, 심상회전과제 수행 결과, K-AQ 점수가 보통인 집단이 다른 두 집단에 비해 과제 수행 시간이 유의미하게 느리게 나타났으며 과제 수행 시 나타난 정답률에는 유의미한 차이가 없었다. 이는 공격성 수준이 일정 수준까지 증가할 때는 시공간적 표상 능력이 저하되지만 그 이후에 공격성 수준이 계속해서 증가하면 시공간적 표상 능력이 향상됨을 의미했다. 결과적으로, 본 연구에서는 기존 선행연구와는 다르게 공격성 수준을 연속적 척도에서 다양하게 나누고 공격성 수준에 따라 변화하는 부정적 정서지각 편향성과 시공간적 표상 능력을 면밀하게 확인할 수 있었으며, 이는 인간의 정서가 연속적 척도 내에 있기 때문에 이와 관련된 인지적 특성에 관한 연구도 연속적 수준 내에서 이뤄져야 함을 의미했다.

Keywords: Aggression, emotion perception ability, Visuo-spatial representation ability, Self-reported assessment test
키워드: 공격성, 정서 지각 능력, 시공간적 표상 능력, 자기보고형 검사


This research was supported by the MSIT (Ministry of Science and ICT), Korea, under the ITRC(Information Technology Research Center) support program (IITP-2019-2017-0-01630) supervised by the IITP(Institute for Information & communications Technology Promotion).

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