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The Korean Journal of Cognitve & Biological Psychology - Vol. 31 , No. 2

[ Original Article ]
The Korean Journal of Cognitve & Biological Psychology - Vol. 31, No. 2, pp. 125-134
Abbreviation: KCBPA
ISSN: 1226-9654 (Print)
Print publication date 30 Apr 2019
Received 18 Aug 2018 Revised 01 Apr 2019 Accepted 09 Apr 2019

얼굴 정서 자극에 대한 정서가 및 각성가 평가에서의 연령차 연구
강효신1 ; 권정혜2,
1경성대학교 심리학과
2고려대학교 심리학과

Age-related Differences in Valence and Arousal Ratings for Emotional Facial Stimulus
Hyo-Shin Kang1 ; Jung-Hye Kwon2,
1Department of Psychology, Kyungsung University
2Department of Psychology, Korea University
Correspondence to : 권정혜, 고려대학교 심리학과, (02841) 서울시 성북구 안암로 145 인문계 캠퍼스 법학관 구관 408호 E-mail:

ⓒ The Korean Society for Cognitive and Biological Psychology
Funding Information ▼


본 연구는 얼굴 정서 자극 평가에서 연령에 따른 차이를 보이는지 살펴보기 위해 수행되었다. 노인과 대학생 집단 각각 50명을 대상으로 얼굴 정서 자극에 대한 정서가와 각성가를 각각 7점 척도로 평가하도록 한 결과, 노인은 대학생에 비해 기쁨과 중립 얼굴 자극은 더 긍정적인 것으로, 분노 얼굴 자극은 더 부정적인 것으로 보고하였다. 각성가 평가에서도 이와 유사하게 노인은 대학생보다 좀 더 극단에 치우치는 경향을 보였다. 또한 정서가와 각성가의 관계를 살펴보았을 때 노인은 두 차원이 선형관계를 보인 반면, 대학생은 U자형에 더 가까운 관계를 보여 연령에 따른 차이가 확인되었다. 이러한 결과는 정서 자극을 활용한 연구를 실시할 때 정서 자극 평가에서의 연령차를 고려하는 것이 매우 중요함을 시사한다.


This study was designed to investigate the age-related differences in valence and arousal ratings for stimulus materials. In this study, older (n=50) and young adults (n=50) rated 54 emotional faces in terms of valence and arousal using a 7-point scale. Older adults reported happy and neutral faces as being more positive and angry faces as being more negative than young adults did. A similar pattern was evident for arousal. Older adults rated negative and neutral faces as being more arousing than young adults did. This suggests that the older adults have a tendency to respond to emotional faces more extremely. Furthermore, whereas older adults showed a linear association between valence and arousal, young adults showed a U-shaped function. Clinical implications and limitations of the current findings are discussed.

Keywords: valence, arousal, emotional facial stimulus, age differences
키워드: 정서가, 각성가, 얼굴 정서 자극, 연령차


이 논문은 강효신의 박사학위 논문의 일부를 수정 보완한 것임.

본 연구는 2017년 대한민국 교육부와 한국연구재단의 지원을 받아 수행되었음(과제번호 NRF-2017S1A5B6053101).

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