Journal Archive

The Korean Journal of Cognitve & Biological Psychology - Vol. 31 , No. 2

[ Original Article ]
The Korean Journal of Cognitve & Biological Psychology - Vol. 31, No. 2, pp. 81-88
Abbreviation: KCBPA
ISSN: 1226-9654 (Print)
Print publication date 30 Apr 2019
Received 17 Jan 2019 Revised 09 Apr 2019 Accepted 26 Apr 2019

한국 수화의 도상성에 따른 TOF 현상

Iconicity of Korean Sign Language and “Tip of the Fingers” Experiences
Hongim Shin1,
1Yeungnam University
Correspondence to : 신홍임, 영남대학교 교양학부, (38541) 경상북도 경산시 대학로 280 E-mail:

ⓒ The Korean Society for Cognitive and Biological Psychology
Funding Information ▼


본 연구의 목적은 음성언어의 연구에서 도출된 언어의 특징이 한국 수화(Korean sign language)에서도 나타나는지를 검증하는데 있다. 또한 수화가 음성언어와 달리 시각적으로 전달되기 때문에, 정보처리과정에서 차별화된 현상이 나타나는지를 탐색해보고자 한다. 농인 참가자 29명을 대상으로 음성언어의 ‘혀끝에 맴도는 현상’(TOT: tip of the tongue)과 같이 수화에서도 단어가 ‘손끝에 맴도는 현상’(TOF: tip of the fingers)이 나타나는지를 검증하였다. 그 결과 수화에서도 TOF가 관찰되었으며, 수화소수준(모양, 위치, 방향, 움직임)에 따라 TOF가 다르게 나타나는 것이 관찰되었다. 또한 수화단어의 도상성이 높을수록 TOF가 적게 나타나서, 수화단어의 의미와 음운의 연결이 강할수록 수화단어의 인출과 표현에 어려움이 적어질 가능성을 보여주었다. 한국 수화에서 TOF가 관찰된 것은 한국 수화에서 의미와 음운이 구분되어 표상됨을 보여주며, 이 결과는 미국 수화(American Sign Language)의 선행연구결과와도 일치한다.


Signed languages are generally more dominant in visual modality than spoken languages. This study (N=29) examined whether the “tip of the fingers (TOF)” phenomenon for sign language would parallel to the “tip of the tongue (TOT)” phenomenon for spoken language. TOF occurred among Korean signers, and specifically, Korean signers were more likely to retrieve a target sign’s hand shape, location and orientation than to retrieve its movement. The existence of TOFs supported a separation between semantic and phonological representations in Korean Sign Language. The link between meaning and phonology was activated automatically for high iconic properties of a sign. These results were consistent with those of previous research on American Sign Language.

Keywords: Korean Sign Language, Phonological Parameter, Iconicity, TOF, Fluency in Sign Language
키워드: 수화, 수화소, 도상성, 손끝에 맴도는 현상, 수화숙련도


본 연구는 2016년 한국연구재단의 지원을 받아 수행되었습니다(과제번호: NRF-2016S1A5A8019143). 연구를 독려해주시고, 참가자 모집에 많은 도움을 주신 나사렛대학교 윤병천 교수님께 감사드립니다.

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