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The Korean Journal of Cognitve & Biological Psychology - Vol. 33 , No. 4

[ Original Article ]
The Korean Journal of Cognitve & Biological Psychology - Vol. 33, No. 4, pp. 245-252
Abbreviation: KCBPA
ISSN: 1226-9654 (Print)
Print publication date 30 Oct 2021
Received 04 Jan 2021 Revised 11 Oct 2021 Accepted 21 Oct 2021
DOI: https://doi.org/10.22172/cogbio.2021.33.4.002

시각적 순응이 얼굴 황금비율 지각에 미치는 영향
송은화1 ; 민석영1 ; 최윤선1 ; 정상철1, 2,
1연세대학교 심리학과
2연세대학교 인지과학협동과정

The effect of visual adaptation on the perception of golden ratios for facial beauty
Eunhwa Song1 ; Seokyoung Min1 ; Yoon Sun Choi1 ; Sang Chul Chong1, 2,
1Department of Psychology, Yonsei University
2Graduate Program in Cognitive Science, Yonsei University
Correspondence to : 정상철, 연세대학교 인지과학협동과정 및 심리학과, (03722) 서울특별시 서대문구 연세로 50, E-mail: scchong@yonsei.ac.kr


ⓒ The Korean Society for Cognitive and Biological Psychology
Funding Information ▼

초록

최근 연구에서는 어떤 얼굴이 아름답다고 느껴지는가에 대한 수치적 기준이 절대적으로 수렴하여, 얼굴의 가로 너비 대 두 눈동자 사이의 거리의 비율이 0.46, 얼굴의 세로 길이 대 눈에서 입까지의 거리의 비율이 0.36이 되는 비율을 얼굴의 아름다움 판단에 있어서의 새로운 황금비율로 정의한 바 있다(Pallett et al., 2010). 본 연구는 시각적 순응(Visual Adaptation) 패러다임을 통해 얼굴 매력도 판단에 있어서의 황금비율이 짧은 시각적 순응 경험에 따라 변화할 수 있음을 검증하고자 하였다. 연구 결과, 얼굴 세로 비율을 길거나 짧게 조작하여 참가자들에게 순응시켰을 때, 이전 매력도에 비해 이후 매력도의 값이 조건과 일치하는 방향으로 이동하는 것으로 나타났다. 본 연구 결과는 지각적인 순응이 매력적인 얼굴이 무엇인가에 대한 재규격화를 가져오므로 인간의 얼굴에서 황금비라고 일컬어지는 세로 46%의 수치가 지각적 측면에서 절대적이지는 않다는 것을 함의한다. 즉, 얼굴에 대한 황금비율이 개인의 경험이나 환경에 따라 충분히 변화할 수 있는 대상이라는 것을 시사한다.

Abstract

Facial attractiveness was optimized when the face’s eye-mouth distance was 36% of its length and the interocular distance was 46% of the width (Pallett et al., 2010). This study called these ratios as new golden ratios for facial beauty. The current study investigated whether the golden ratio could be changed after adapting to a distorted ratio. We found that perceived attractiveness shifted toward the distorted length ratio after adapting to it. The results suggest that perceptual adaptation leads to the recalibration of perceived attractiveness. Thus, the facial length ratio is not an absolute criterion for facial beauty. It can vary depending on personal experiences and social circumstances.


Keywords: visual adaptation, face perception, golden ratio, beauty, attractiveness judgment
키워드: 시각적 순응, 얼굴 지각, 황금비율, 아름다움, 매력도 판단

Acknowledgments

이 성과는 정부(과학기술정보통신부)의 재원으로 한국연구재단의 지원을 받아 수행된 연구임(NRF-2019R1A2B5B01070038).


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