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The Korean Journal of Cognitve & Biological Psychology - Vol. 33, No. 3

[ Original Article ]
The Korean Journal of Cognitve & Biological Psychology - Vol. 33, No. 3, pp.221-236
Abbreviation: KCBPA
ISSN: 1226-9654 (Print)
Print publication date 30 Jul 2021
Received 15 Jun 2021 Revised 22 Jul 2021 Accepted 26 Jul 2021
DOI: https://doi.org/10.22172/cogbio.2021.33.3.008

유도된 단기 정서의 오류처리 조절과 신경증의 관계
양예은 ; 김정희 ; 박태진
전남대학교 심리학과

The relationship between neuroticism and modulation of error processing by induction of short-term affect
Yaeeun Yang ; Junghee Kim ; Taejin Park
Department of Psychology, Chonnam National University
Correspondence to : 박태진, 전남대학교 사회과학대학 심리학과, (61186) 광주광역시 북구 용봉로 77, E-mail: tpark@jnu.ac.kr


ⓒ The Korean Society for Cognitive and Biological Psychology
Funding Information ▼

초록

단기적으로 유도된 정서가 오류처리에 미치는 영향이 신경증 성격특성에 따라 어떻게 달라지는지 밝히고자 하였다. 신경증 수준이 높은 집단과 낮은 집단을 대상으로 Eriksen 수반자극과제 수행 도중 오류반응과 관련된 ERN(error-related negativity)과 Pe(error positivity)를 조사하였는데, 매 시행마다 수반자극이 제시되기 직전 정서적(긍정/중립/부정) 사진을 제시함으로써 단기적 정서를 유도하였다. 반응속도 분석 결과, 두 집단 모두에서 오반응이 정반응보다 더 빨랐으며, 집단간 차이는 관찰되지 않았다. 오반응-관련 ERN과 정반응-관련 CRN(correct response negativity)의 정점진폭을 분석한 결과, ERN이 CRN에 비해, 그리고 고신경증집단이 저신경증집단에 비해 더 큰(부적인) 진폭을 보였다. 특히 유도정서가 ERN에 미치는 영향이 신경증 수준에 따라 상이하였는데, 고신경증집단의 경우 유도된 부정정서가 중립정서에 비해 더 큰 진폭을 일으켰지만, 저신경증집단의 경우에는 유도정서의 효과가 관찰되지 않았다. 한편, 오반응-관련 Pe와 정반응-관련 Pc(correct response positivity)의 정점진폭 분석 결과, Pe가 Pc보다 더 큰(정적인) 진폭을 보였고, 신경증 수준 및 유도정서와 관련된 효과들은 모두 관찰되지 않았다. 결국, 유도된 정서가 오류처리 초반에 미치는 영향은 신경증 수준에 따라 달랐는데, 중립정서에 비해 부정정서가 유도되었을 때 더 큰 ERN 진폭이 고신경증집단에서만 관찰되었다. 반면, 오류처리 후반에는 유도된 정서나 신경증 수준이 오류 자각이나 정서적 평가에 영향을 미치지 않았다. 이러한 결과는, 오류처리 초기의 오류 모니터링에 대한 일시적 부정정서의 조절이 신경증 수준에 의존한다는 것을 시사한다.

Abstract

We examined how the effects of induced short-term affect on error processing depend on neuroticism. Two groups of neuroticism (high/low) were examined for ERN (error related negativity) and Pe (error positivity) related to error response during the Eriksen flanker task. Short-term affects were induced by presenting one of the emotional (positive/neutral/negative) IAPS pictures immediately before the flanker stimulus was presented in each trial of Eriksen flanker task. Behavioral data showed that error responses were faster than correct responses in two groups, and no difference was observed between high neuroticism group and low neuroticism group. The peak amplitude of ERN was larger (more negative) than CRN (correct response negativity). In particular, the effect of induced affect on ERN amplitude was different according to the level of neuroticism. For the high neuroticism group, the induced negative affect produced a larger amplitude than the neutral affect, but no effect of the induced affect was observed in the low neuroticism group. In addition, the effects of positive affect were not observed in both groups. On the other hand, the peak amplitude and latency of Pe was larger (more positive) and longer than those of Pc (correct positivity), and no effect associated with neuroticism and induced affect was observed. In summary, the effect of induced affect on the early error processing was dependent on the level of neuroticism. The high neuroticism group, unlike the low neuroticism group, showed a larger ERN amplitude when negative affect was induced compared to the neutral affect. These results suggest that high neuroticism group was very sensitive to the induced short-term negative affect which influenced error monitoring. On the other hand, in the later stages of error processing, the induced affect or neuroticism did not have an effect on the error awareness.


Keywords: induced short-term affect, error processing, neuroticism, ERN, Pe
키워드: 유도된 단기 정서, 오류처리, 신경증

Acknowledgments

이 논문은 2017년 대한민국 교육부와 한국연구재단의 지원을 받아 수행된 연구임(NRF-2017S1A5A2A01027642).


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